Galapagos Land Iguana

Quick Facts About Ecuador’s Galapagos Islands

Ever thought of visiting the Galapagos Islands of Ecuador? This famous group of volcanic islands straddles the equator and are nearly 1,000 kilometres off the coast of Ecuador.

Galapagos Land Iguana

The Galapagos Land Iguana is a common sight on the Galapagos Islands. These lizards can grow up to five feet long, weigh up to 25 pounds and live up to 60 years! The iguana populations are recovering, as they had been victims of humans and feral pests introduced to the Galapagos in the past.

Well if you did, here are some quick facts about a region that is a highlight of our Ecuador tours. Some may know that the Darwinian Theory of the Origin of Man was developed after studying the Galapagos Islands, but did you know that confluence of four ocean currents (Equatorial, Cromwell, Humboldt, and Panama) in this area is what gives it such an unpredictable and unique climate?

Did you think that penguins are only found in the Southern Hemisphere? You would be incorrect. Penguins found in the Galapagos Islands are the only penguins known to breed in the Northern Hemisphere.

Map of the Galapagos Islands

The Galapagos Islands consist of 13 major islands, and six smaller islands. There are also dozens of rocks and islets that form part of this archipelago.

Ever wondered why the cormorants don’t fly away from the Galapagos Islands? Unfortunately (or possibly fortunately) for them they have evolved to grow too large to spread their wings and fly. The birds’ wings are only one third of what they should be for a bird of that size, making this type of cormorant one of the rarest birds on Earth. Speaking of birds that can’t fly, the marine iguana is the only lizard that is known to swim.

You probably already knew tortoises were one of the large animals on the islands, but did you know they typically weigh up to 600 pounds and can live up to 150 years? The largest known Galapagos tortoise weighed in at 919 lbs!

Every trip to the Galapagos Islands is an opportunity to learn a great deal more about nature and wildlife, especially in this unique, special spot on Earth.

Join us on this 10-day Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands tour! If you have more time to spend in the region, you’ll love this 32-day tour of Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia, which includes the Galapagos Islands.

 

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